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Osservatorio Fondazione Prada: What’s in a Photo?

Italian photographer Stefano Graziani presents his Questioning Pictures project in the Milan outpost

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Text by Rab Messina
Photography by Delfino Sisto Legnani and Marco Cappelletti, courtesy of Fondazione Prada

Stefano Graziani explains that he doesn’t have an Instagram account. As an Italian architect turned photographer, a position that places him at the intersection of a Venn diagram for certified Insta catnip, that’s rather demure. Judging by his work on projects like Taxonomies and Under the Volcano, his is an archive many would welcome in the open.

And oddly enough, that is what his latest exhibition somehow does, on an institutional level. With Questioning Pictures, a photographic proposal at the new Osservatorio Fondazione Prada in Milan, he explores the role of the camera as a tool for cataloguing the materials preserved by cultural institutions —and the perceptions of them. To study the ambivalent relationship between a photograph and the museum object, Graziani perused with his lens the archives of the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montreal, the Sir John Soane’s Museum in London, the Kunstmuseum Basel, the Museum Insel Hombroich in Neuss, the Museo di Castelvecchio in Verona and the plaster cast gallery in the Museo Canova in Possagno.

The first institution, based on Phyllis Lambert’s former private collection, is where the project started, both logistically and conceptually. The centre itself is an example of a body of information that was at first closed to the public, but now serves a larger function as a place for historical and future discussion —especially as it offers its collection for research, which led Graziani down this path.

The choice for another institution, Castelvecchio, rings close to home: as an architecture student in Venice, he found it nearly impossible not to be influenced by the rationale of Carlo Scarpa. Now, at the Verona centre, he studied the master’s spatial plans for hosting Bellini’s Madonna col bambino, via his collection of drawings. “Scarpa was a way to talk about exhibition design instead of the white cube as the only possibility to show work… and to talk about the architects involved in this project,” Graziani explained.

That’s OFFICE Kersten Geers David Van Severen, who covered the space, both horizontally and vertically, in a heraldic colour palette of blue and red. The Osservatorio, the Fondazione Prada’s newest outpost, is located on the fifth and sixth floors of one of the central buildings of the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II. While its large windows provide a privileged view above the octagon and the entrance of natural light, they reduce usable wall space for hanging. Geers and Van Severen, along with Graziani and curator Francesco Zanot, decided to bring new walls inwards, crossing against the available distribution. “There are many levels of perception regarding how to see these photographs and how to walk through the exhibition… and none of these possibilities are wrong,” said the author.

But the exact sequence for the 36 mages themselves is no random act. “You could say it’s reactionary, because it shows a lot of things that are not supposed to be in the same place. With photographs of objects together, we can set a temporary order of things,” he mused.

In one of the images, the curator of the Adolf Loos Centre in Prague goes up the stairs of Villa Müller’s cipollino-marbled living room; in another, she’s gone. A transparent human figure, almost a ghost, is seen in Milan’s Casa Boschi Di Stefano. A Pompeii photographic album is featured, from different perspectives, next to a plastic model of the Pantheon. In one photo, apples are placed atop a 1935 Mies Van Der Rohe table prototype; in another, the fruits change position, tricking the spectator’s memory of the underlying piece of furniture. There is something oddly off in each image, as if to challenge the viewer’s baseline expectations of the stability of archival matter. “There is a moment for any spectator, when you have to deal with what you see. This is the essence of the photographs, the two-dimensional composition that is shown… and I’m showing things for what they are,” Graziani explained. “It’s about how I can put myself in front of an institutional collection, and how institutions can question themselves.” Or, as put by Francesco Zanot, it can be explored both on a level of documentation –passing “from one image to the next, making connections based on our knowledge of what is depicted and the relationship we establish with it”– and non-documentation –“based on considering each of Graziani’s images as an artwork. From what is photographed, we pass to the why.”

By superposing this temporary order and the idea of the non-archival archive with the traditional stability provided by detailed captions that point to the objects’ origins, the result is not an anti-curatorial stance, but instead, a way “to institutionalise, which is about opening the institution,” as Graziani explained.

A few days after our interview, I noticed something on my phone: Graziani had gotten himself an Instagram account.

Questioning Pictures is on display until February 26, 2018

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Stefano Graziani Lucas Cranach d. Ältere, Lucretia, um 1535/40 Öl auf Holz 79x 64 cm, Kunstmuseum Basel, Ankauf 1934, inv. 1628 Basel, 2017
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Stefano Graziani Antonio Canova, Palamede, Gypsotheca e Museo Antonio Canova Possagno, 2017
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Stefano Graziani Soggiorno, Casa-Museo BoschiDi Stefano, Giorgio de Chirico, Lascuola dei gladiatori, il combattimento,1928, (Virginia Guiotto, nello studio diAntonio Boschi) Milan, 2017
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from left to right:
Stefano Graziani John Hejduk, presentation model for the House of the Painter,1984, 51.3 x 25.4 x 61.0 cm,DR1998:0105, John Hejduk fonds, Canadian Centre for Architecture, ©CCA Montreal, 2017
Stefano Graziani Adolf Loos, Villa Müller (Maria Szadkowska, Curatrice di Villa Müller), 1928, The City of Prague Museum Prague, 2017
Stefano Graziani Gordon Matta-Clark, drawing n. 6 from seven proposals forDocumenta, 1977, 21.0 x 30.2 cm,PHCON2002:0016:046:006, GordonMatta-Clark Collection, CanadianCentre for Architecture, Gift of Estateof Gordon Matta-Clark, © Estate ofGordon Matta-Clark / SIAE Montreal, 2017
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center: Stefano Graziani Gordon Matta-Clark, floor plan for Office Baroque, 1977, blue ballpoint pen on graph paper, 42 x 59.5 cm,PHCON2002:0016:058, Gordon Matta-Clark collection, Canadian Centre forArchitecture, Gift of Estate of Gordon Matta-Clark, © Estate of GordonMatta-Clark / SIAE Montreal, 2017
left: Stefano Graziani Aldo Rossi, study model for the entrance foyer of the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, 1987-1990, 12.0 x 25.0 x 25.0 cm, AP142.S1.D122 .P18, Aldo Rossi Fonds,Canadian Centre for Architecture, © Fondazione Aldo Rossi Montreal, 2017
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Stefano Graziani Natura morta, MR Table, Thonet, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,1935, Stiftung Insel Hombroich Neuss, 2017
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